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BORGU


Festivals: na
State: Niger
Profile:

Borgu was a country in Africa, partitioned between the Great Britain and France by the Anglo-French Convention of 1898. It lies in what is now Nigeria and the Republic of Benin. The People of Borgu were known as Bariba and Borgawa. After a race by the colonial developer Frederick Lugard, on behalf of the Royal Niger Company, in 1894 to beat the French to Nikki (now in Benin), the capital of the Borgu kingdom, to sign a commercial treaty, France and Britain settled their territorial claims to Borgu by a convention of 1898. Eastern Borgu, the area of which contained the 12,000-square-mile (31,000-square-km) Bussa, Kaiama, and Illo chiefdoms, was ceded to the British, who created Borgu Province in 1900, recognized Bussa chiefdom (founded c. 1730) as an emirate, and established Kaiama’s Chief Mora Tsaude (Murata Sidi) as emir of Kaiama. After Illo was transferred to Sokoto province in 1905, what remained of Borgu was given (1907) to Kontagora province; Borgu division was incorporated into Ilorin province in 1923. In 1954, when Kaiama’s emir resigned, Kaiama and Bussa emirates were joined; Muhammadu Sani, emir of Bussa, then became the first emir of Borgu. Today, the emir functions in a traditional and religious capacity.




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